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Analysis of Charging Pile and Its Future Development

2017-5-15

The situation and development of the charging pile industry. The country for the new energy automotive industry's strategic appeal is very clear, and new energy vehicles supporting the charging pile of the policy is also very strong, electric vehicle charging infrastructure development guidelines put forward a clear sub-site construction goals: the new more than 3850 bus charge A total of more than 2.8 million user-specific charging piles in the residential area, to encourage qualified facilities to open to the public; in public institutions, public facilities, Enterprises and institutions, office buildings and industrial parks and other units within the car park, built more than 1.5 million users dedicated charging pile.
First, the construction goals and charging pile cost

The average cost of a common pile in the 5 million -2 million yuan, a fast piling costs generally more than 10 million. In the 5 million charging pile, the slow filling pile 4.5 million, a single average cost of more than 10,000, 50 billion market, fast filling pile 500,000, a single average cost of more than 100,000, 50 billion market. In other words, from now to 2020, the five years, only the pile of equipment, there are more than 100 billion market demand, coupled with the operation and derivative value, the theoretical market capacity of hundreds of billions.

On the current market, short-term equipment manufacturers more worthy of attention, the operation has no clear profit model, but the equipment market has hundreds of billions of space, is a certain data.
Second, charging pile science

What is a charging pile


Charging pile, its function is similar to the filling station inside the tanker, can be fixed on the ground or wall, installed in public buildings (public buildings, shopping malls, public car parks, etc.) and residential quarters parking lot or charging station, according to different voltage Rating for all types of electric car charging. Charging piles can be classified as follows:

① by the installation can be divided into: floor-type charging pile, wall-mounted charging pile. Floor-type charging piles are suitable for installation in parking spaces that are not close to the wall; wall-mounted piles are suitable for installation in parking spaces close to the wall.

② According to the installation site can be divided into: public charging pile and special charging pile. Public charging pile is built in the public parking lot (library) combined parking spaces, for the public vehicle to provide public charging service charge pile; special charge pile is the construction unit (enterprise) own parking lot (library), for the unit (enterprise) Personnel to use the charging pile, as well as the construction in the individual own parking spaces (libraries), for the private user to provide charging the charging pile. Charging piles are usually built in conjunction with parking lots (kiosks).

③ by the number of charging interface can be divided into: a charge and a multi-charge.

④ by charging can be divided into: DC charging pile, AC charging pile and AC-DC charging pile.

⑤ by charging speed can be divided into: a conventional charge (slow charge) and fast charge (fast charge). Depending on the vehicle battery, ambient temperature, etc., charging time varies. Slow charge is generally filled in 5-10 hours, fast charge can be filled in 20-30 minutes 80%, 1 hour full of.


Charging pile of the industrial chain is divided into: equipment manufacturers and charging operators.


Charging pile equipment itself is not too high technical content, standard uniform, good compatibility, quality and stability, construction can be appropriate. Competition differences are mainly reflected in the stability of the equipment produced, the cost of control, brand reputation and bidding capacity.

Charging operations are related to many aspects. Charging operations of the basic profit model are: service fees, electricity difference, value-added services, as well as the upcoming state subsidies. As a new industry, but also involved in the state control of the power industry, service fees and electricity prices are subject to national guidance, can not be free pricing, subsidies have not seen the specific number of geometric, value-added services and a variety of business development is still in the exploration, So although a large number of charging pile is in rapid construction, but the charge operation of the industry itself is full of a variety of uncertainties.

There are four modes of construction and operation: government-led, business-led, mixed mode, all-chip model.

① government-led: by the government investment, operation. The advantage is strong propulsion, the disadvantage is the financial pressure, low efficiency, not necessarily adapt to the market.

② business-led: by the enterprise investment operations, and electric car sales, charging pile production with. The advantage is the high efficiency of operation and management, the disadvantage is the lack of unified management, may produce disorderly competition.

③ mixed mode: by the government to participate in support, enterprises responsible for the construction. The advantage is that the government and enterprises can complement each other, faster to promote industrial development, but the shortcomings of the policy is greater impact.

④ co-financing model: by the integration of government, business, social and other forces to participate. The advantage is to improve the utilization of social resources, to adapt to the market, pay attention to user needs, the shortcomings of the interests of all parties is difficult to integrate, and ultimately rely on policy guidance.
We can easily find that the current charging pile industry, the impact of national policy is very large. The spirit and documentation at the national level are relatively clear, but before the introduction of local policy rules, we can not actually make quantitative analysis and accurate judgments.

Third, the future of charging pile



The future of the charging pile is wonderful, but also takes some time to integrate, Ebb Tide. 2016 new energy vehicles is to continue the rapid growth of the situation, the substantial increase in the stock of electric vehicles is a clear positive trend, the market demand becomes larger, the return on investment has increased, the enthusiasm of enterprises will be improved. And how to more efficient investment, the need for government guidance, industry norms, and other industries on the common development of the common promotion, together to explore and update the more effective business model. The potential for imagination is:

1. Value-added services
Including the advertising of the pile, and shopping malls parking lot, as a supporting facilities for consumer drainage.

Charge pile internet internet
Charging pile industry era has arrived. Charging pile is not a new energy vehicle, it can be energy to achieve the channel, it can be energy data traffic import port, which can also be a data portal entrance. With the Internet blessing, charging pile is no longer just a pile, and become an infinite possible interface, you can match the electric car time-sharing leasing, electric car 4S shop value-added services, electronic payment, large data, etc., can also be Car networking and even an important part of the network community. Of course, the premise is to have a sufficient size. Terios is currently doing is to continue to expand the scale, to build a commercial network based on charging pile network.